# Top Cited Articles during 2008

## The 50 most highly cited papers during 2008

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. Remember the detailed warning about the accuracy of these counts.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of Thu 8-Jan-2009. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers. The lists, however, will not update.

- 1994

Review of Particle Physics

By Particle Data Group

Citations are counted for all versions of the RPP, most recent version is:

Published in:Phys.Lett.B667:1,2008

[391 Total citations in HEP]

[32872 Total Citations to all copies of RPP in HEP] - 924

Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) three year results: implications for cosmology

By WMAP Collaboration

Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.170:377,2007

(arXiv:astro-ph/0603449)

[3245 Total citations in HEP] - 731

The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity

By Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.).

Published in:Adv.Theor.Math.Phys.2:231-252,1998, Int.J.Theor.Phys.38:1113-1133,1999

(arXiv:hep-th/9711200)

[5812 Total citations in HEP] - 658

Five-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Cosmological Interpretation

By WMAP Collaboration

HEP Record

(arXiv:0803.0547)

[683 Total citations in HEP] - 500

Maps of dust IR emission for use in estimation of reddening and CMBR foregrounds

By David J. Schlegel (Durham U.), Douglas P. Finkbeiner, Marc Davis (UC, Berkeley).

Published in:Astrophys.J.500:525,1998

(arXiv:astro-ph/9710327)

[3910 Total citations in HEP] - 492

First year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Determination of cosmological parameters

By WMAP Collaboration

Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.148:175,2003

(arXiv:astro-ph/0302209)

[5133 Total citations in HEP] - 491

Measurements of Omega and Lambda from 42 high redshift supernovae

By Supernova Cosmology Project

Published in:Astrophys.J.517:565-586,1999

(arXiv:astro-ph/9812133)

[4168 Total citations in HEP] - 480

Anti-de Sitter space and holography

By Edward Witten (Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study).

Published in:Adv.Theor.Math.Phys.2:253-291,1998

(arXiv:hep-th/9802150)

[3900 Total citations in HEP] - 462

Observational evidence from supernovae for an accelerating universe and a cosmological constant

By Supernova Search Team

Published in:Astron.J.116:1009-1038,1998

(arXiv:astro-ph/9805201)

[3981 Total citations in HEP] - 425

Gauge theory correlators from noncritical string theory

By S.S. Gubser, Igor R. Klebanov, Alexander M. Polyakov (Princeton U.).

Published in:Phys.Lett.B428:105-114,1998

(arXiv:hep-th/9802109)

[3433 Total citations in HEP] - 393

A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension

By Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.).

Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.83:3370-3373,1999

(arXiv:hep-ph/9905221)

[4029 Total citations in HEP] - 311

Stellar population synthesis at the resolution of 2003

By G. Bruzual (Merida, CIDA), Stephane Charlot (Garching, Max Planck Inst. & Paris, Inst. Astrophys.).

Published in:Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc.344:1000,2003

(arXiv:astro-ph/0309134)

[1225 Total citations in HEP] - 295

Five-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Likelihoods and Parameters from the WMAP data

By WMAP Collaboration

HEP Record

(arXiv:0803.0586)

[306 Total citations in HEP] - 288

A Universal density profile from hierarchical clustering

By Julio F. Navarro (Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.), Carlos S. Frenk (Durham U.), Simon D.M. White (Garching, Max Planck Inst.).

Published in:Astrophys.J.490:493-508,1997

(arXiv:astro-ph/9611107)

[2107 Total citations in HEP] - 283

An Alternative to compactification

By Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.).

Published in:Phys.Rev.Lett.83:4690-4693,1999

(arXiv:hep-th/9906064)

[3607 Total citations in HEP] - 280

The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)

By M.F. Skrutskie, R.M. Cutri, R. Stiening, M.D. Weinberg, S. Schneider, J.M. Carpenter, C. Beichman, R. Capps, T. Chester, J. Elias, J. Huchra, J. Liebert, C.

Lonsdale, D.G. Monet, S. Price, P. Seitzer, T. Jarrett, J.D. Kirkpatrick, J.E. Gizis, E. Howard, T. Evans, J. Fowler, L. Fullmer, R. Hurt, R. Light, E.L. Kopan,

K.A. Marsh, H.L. McCallon, R. Tam, S. Van Dyk, S. Wheelock.

Published in:Astron.J.131:1163-1183,2006

[633 Total citations in HEP] - 280

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey: Technical Summary

By SDSS Collaboration

Published in:Astron.J.120:1579-1587,2000

(arXiv:astro-ph/0006396)

[1683 Total citations in HEP] - 277

The Hierarchy problem and new dimensions at a millimeter

By Nima Arkani-Hamed (SLAC), Savas Dimopoulos (Stanford U., Phys. Dept.), G.R. Dvali (ICTP, Trieste).

Published in:Phys.Lett.B429:263-272,1998

(arXiv:hep-ph/9803315)

[3632 Total citations in HEP] - 269

Type Ia supernova discoveries at z > 1 from the Hubble Space Telescope: Evidence for past deceleration and constraints on dark energy evolution

By Supernova Search Team

Published in:Astrophys.J.607:665-687,2004

(arXiv:astro-ph/0402512)

[1548 Total citations in HEP] - 269

Dynamics of dark energy

By Edmund J. Copeland (Nottingham U.), M. Sami (Jamia Millia Islamia), Shinji Tsujikawa (Gunma Coll. Tech.).

Published in:Int.J.Mod.Phys.D15:1753-1936,2006

(arXiv:hep-th/0603057)

[706 Total citations in HEP] - 265

New generation of parton distributions with uncertainties from global QCD analysis

By J. Pumplin, D.R. Stump, J. Huston, H.L. Lai, Pavel M. Nadolsky, W.K. Tung (Michigan State U.).

Published in:JHEP 0207:012,2002

(arXiv:hep-ph/0201195)

[1286 Total citations in HEP] - 257

The Supernova legacy survey: Measurement of omega(m), omega(lambda) and W from the first year data set

By The SNLS Collaboration

Published in:Astron.Astrophys.447:31-48,2006

(arXiv:astro-ph/0510447)

[804 Total citations in HEP] - 255

Particle Creation by Black Holes

By S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.).

Published in:Commun.Math.Phys.43:199-220,1975, Erratum-ibid.46:206-206,1976

[3224 Total citations in HEP] - 239

The relationship between infrared, optical, and ultraviolet extinction

By Jason A. Cardelli, Geoffrey C. Clayton, John S. Mathis (Washburn Observ.).

Published in:Astrophys.J.345:245-256,1989

[1972 Total citations in HEP] - 235

The Structure of cold dark matter halos

By Julio F. Navarro (Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.), Carlos S. Frenk (Durham U.), Simon D.M. White (Garching, Max Planck Inst.).

Published in:Astrophys.J.462:563-575,1996

(arXiv:astro-ph/9508025)

[1593 Total citations in HEP] - 223

The Luminosity function and stellar evolution

By Edwin E. Salpeter.

Published in:Astrophys.J.121:161,1955

[1463 Total citations in HEP] - 218

Large N field theories, string theory and gravity

By Ofer Aharony (Rutgers U., Piscataway), Steven S. Gubser (Harvard U.), Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U. & Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study), Hirosi Ooguri (UC

, Berkeley & LBL, Berkeley), Yaron Oz (CERN).

Published in:Phys.Rept.323:183-386,2000

(arXiv:hep-th/9905111)

[2012 Total citations in HEP] - 214

PYTHIA 6.4 Physics and Manual

By Torbjorn Sjostrand (Lund U., Dept. Theor. Phys.), Stephen Mrenna, Peter Skands (Fermilab).

Published in:JHEP 0605:026,2006

(arXiv:hep-ph/0603175)

[422 Total citations in HEP] - 209

CP Violation in the Renormalizable Theory of Weak Interaction

By Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa (Kyoto U.).

Published in:Prog.Theor.Phys.49:652-657,1973

[5594 Total citations in HEP] - 208

Detection of the baryon acoustic peak in the large-scale correlation function of SDSS luminous red galaxies

By SDSS Collaboration

Published in:Astrophys.J.633:560-574,2005

(arXiv:astro-ph/0501171)

[711 Total citations in HEP] - 206

The Inflationary Universe: A Possible Solution to the Horizon and Flatness Problems

By Alan H. Guth (SLAC).

Published in:Phys.Rev.D23:347-356,1981

[3305 Total citations in HEP] - 204

Black holes in binary systems. Observational appearance

By N.I. Shakura (Sternberg Astron. Inst.), R.A. Sunyaev (Moscow, IPM).

Published in:Astron.Astrophys.24:337-355,1973

[1419 Total citations in HEP] - 203

The Cosmological constant and dark energy

By P.J.E. Peebles (Princeton U.), Bharat Ratra (Kansas State U.).

Published in:Rev.Mod.Phys.75:559-606,2003

(arXiv:astro-ph/0207347)

[1207 Total citations in HEP] - 203

High-energy physics event generation with PYTHIA 6.1

By Torbjorn Sjostrand (Lund U., Dept. Theor. Phys.), Patrik Eden (Nordita), Christer Friberg, Leif Lonnblad, Gabriela Miu (Lund U., Dept. Theor. Phys.), Stephen

Mrenna (UC, Davis), Emanuel Norrbin (Lund U., Dept. Theor. Phys.).

Published in:Comput.Phys.Commun.135:238-259,2001

(arXiv:hep-ph/0010017)

[1405 Total citations in HEP] - 199

Five-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Data Processing, Sky Maps, and Basic Results

By WMAP Collaboration

HEP Record

(arXiv:0803.0732)

[208 Total citations in HEP] - 194

First year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Preliminary maps and basic results

By WMAP Collaboration

Published in:Astrophys.J.Suppl.148:1,2003

(arXiv:astro-ph/0302207)

[2480 Total citations in HEP] - 193

Gauge symmetry and supersymmetry of multiple M2-branes

By Jonathan Bagger (Johns Hopkins U.), Neil Lambert (King's Coll. London, Dept. Math).

Published in:Phys.Rev.D77:065008,2008

(arXiv:0711.0955)

[195 Total citations in HEP] - 190

Cosmological constant: The Weight of the vacuum

By T. Padmanabhan (IUCAA, Pune).

Published in:Phys.Rept.380:235-320,2003

(arXiv:hep-th/0212290)

[890 Total citations in HEP] - 188

Simulating the joint evolution of quasars, galaxies and their large-scale distribution

By Volker Springel, Simon D.M. White, Adrian Jenkins, Carlos S. Frenk, Naoki Yoshida, Liang Gao, Julio Navarro, Robert Thacker, Darren Croton, John Helly, John

A. Peacock, Shaun Cole, Peter Thomas, Hugh Couchman, August Evrard, Joerg Colberg, Frazer Pearce (Garching, Max Planck Inst. & Durham U. & Nagoya U. & Victoria

U. & McMaster U. & Edinburgh U., Inst. Astron. & Sussex U. & Sussex U., Astron. Ctr. & Michigan U. & Pittsburgh U. & Nottingham U.).

Published in:Nature 435:629-636,2005

(arXiv:astro-ph/0504097)

[486 Total citations in HEP] - 186

De Sitter vacua in string theory

By Shamit Kachru (Stanford U., Phys. Dept. & SLAC), Renata Kallosh, Andrei Linde (Stanford U., Phys. Dept.), Sandip P. Trivedi (Tata Inst.).

Published in:Phys.Rev.D68:046005,2003

(arXiv:hep-th/0301240)

[1168 Total citations in HEP] - 186

New Hubble Space Telescope Discoveries of Type Ia Supernovae at z>=1: Narrowing Constraints on the Early Behavior of Dark Energy

By Adam G. Riess, Louis-Gregory Strolger, Stefano Casertano, Henry C. Ferguson, Bahram Mobasher, Ben Gold, Peter J. Challis, Alexei V. Filippenko, Saurabh Jha,

Weidong Li, John Tonry, Ryan Foley, Robert P. Kirshner, Mark Dickinson, Emily MacDonald, Daniel Eisenstein, Mario Livio, Josh Younger, Chun Xu, Tomas Dahlen, Da

niel Stern (Johns Hopkins U. & Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci. & Western Kentucky U. & Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. & UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept. & Inst.

Astron., Honolulu & NOAO, Tucson & Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. & Caltech, JPL).

Published in:Astrophys.J.659:98-121,2007

(arXiv:astro-ph/0611572)

[421 Total citations in HEP] - 180

Cosmological parameters from SDSS and WMAP

By SDSS Collaboration

Published in:Phys.Rev.D69:103501,2004

(arXiv:astro-ph/0310723)

[1225 Total citations in HEP] - 179

New dimensions at a millimeter to a Fermi and superstrings at a TeV

By Ignatios Antoniadis (Ecole Polytechnique), Nima Arkani-Hamed (SLAC), Savas Dimopoulos (Stanford U., Phys. Dept.), G.R. Dvali (ICTP, Trieste).

Published in:Phys.Lett.B436:257-263,1998

(arXiv:hep-ph/9804398)

[2707 Total citations in HEP] - 178

Algebraic structures on parallel M2-branes

By Andreas Gustavsson (Goteborg, ITP).

HEP Record

(arXiv:0709.1260)

[181 Total citations in HEP] - 176

The Many lives of AGN: Cooling flows, black holes and the luminosities and colours of galaxies

By Darren J. Croton, Volker Springel, Simon D.M. White, G. De Lucia (Garching, Max Planck Inst.), C.S. Frenk (Durham U.), L. Gao (Garching, Max Planck Inst.), A

. Jenkins (Durham U.), G. Kauffmann (Garching, Max Planck Inst.), J.F. Navarro (Victoria U.), N. Yoshida (Nagoya U.).

Published in:Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc.365:11-28,2006

(arXiv:astro-ph/0508046)

[439 Total citations in HEP] - 175

Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisi

ons

By STAR Collaboration

Published in:Nucl.Phys.A757:102-183,2005

(arXiv:nucl-ex/0501009)

[624 Total citations in HEP] - 174

Anti-de Sitter space, thermal phase transition, and confinement in gauge theories

By Edward Witten (Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study).

Published in:Adv.Theor.Math.Phys.2:505-532,1998

(arXiv:hep-th/9803131)

[1205 Total citations in HEP] - 174

N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons-matter theories, M2-branes and their gravity duals

By Ofer Aharony (Weizmann Inst.), Oren Bergman (Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study & Technion), Daniel Louis Jafferis (Rutgers U., Piscataway), Juan Maldacena (Pri

nceton, Inst. Advanced Study).

Published in:JHEP 0810:091,2008

(arXiv:0806.1218)

[176 Total citations in HEP] - 173

Modeling Multiple M2's

By Jonathan Bagger (Johns Hopkins U.), Neil Lambert (King's Coll. London, Dept. Math).

Published in:Phys.Rev.D75:045020,2007

(arXiv:hep-th/0611108)

[184 Total citations in HEP] - 170

Star formation in galaxies along the Hubble sequence

By Robert C. Kennicutt, Jr. (Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.).

Published in:Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys.36:189-231,1998

(arXiv:astro-ph/9807187)

[929 Total citations in HEP]